U.S. Supreme Court
U.S. Supreme Court
TheSupreme Court of the United States is the highest court that hasultimate appellate jurisdiction over state and federal courts. Thismeans that the Supreme Court can hear appellate cases from othercourts, especially the cases that pertain to problems with federallaw. The U.S. Supreme Court comprises of 8 associate judges and thechief justice (United State Courts, 2014). The Supreme Court hears afew cases each year and gives its ruling at its discretion or as perthe guidelines provided by Congress. In most cases, the Supreme Courthears cases involving questions about the law or the constitution.
Therule of four refers to a convention applied by the Supreme Court ofthe United States, which requires that at least four out of ninejudges of the court should vote in favor of certiorari for it to begranted (Ramsey, 2014). The rule of four was designed to ensure thatthe majority of the judges of the Supreme Court do not unquestionablecontrol over which cases should be heard. In this case, the writ ofcertiorari refers to extraordinary writ that is only issued by anappellate court on the basis of its own discretion, requiring a lowercourt to give its record in a given case for further review.
Marburyv. Madison is one of the leading cases that resulted in theestablishment of the Supreme Court review powers in the UnitedStates. In this case, Marbury filed a petition under the writ ofmandamus in the Supreme Court, which formed the basis for thejudicial review. The decision made by the Supreme Court establishedthe boundary between judicial and executive branches, which areconstitutionally assumed to be separate arms of the government(United State Courts, 2014).
Ramsey,D. (2014). Rule of four law & legal definition. U.S.Legal Corporation.Retrieved July 27, 2014, fromhttp://definitions.uslegal.com/r/rule-of-four/
UnitedState Courts (2014). Supreme Court of the United States. UnitedState Courts.Retrieved July 27, 2014, fromhttp://www.uscourts.gov/FederalCourts/UnderstandingtheFederalCourts/SupremeCourt.aspx
UnitedState Courts (2014). Supreme Court background. UnitedState Courts.Retrieved July 27, 2014, fromhttp://www.uscourts.gov/educational-resources/get-informed/supreme-court/about-supreme-court.aspx