UN peacekeeping and political mission

UNpeacekeeping and political mission

UNpeacekeeping and political mission

Althoughthey are related, there are distinct differences between UNpeacekeeping missions and political missions. Peacekeeping missionsare tools that have been developed by the United Nations to assistcountries in conflicts and anarchy in the transition to peace.Peacekeeping missions involve all activities in the post conflicttransition that enables the nation to go through the painful path tolasting peace and reducing the likelihood of receding back toconflict. To advance the mandate of the mission, the United Nationsdeploys military troops and police which are integrated into thecivilian population to promote the rule of law, social and economicdevelopment, build confidence and support political transition. Themissions also aim at protection of civilians, demobilization anddisarmament of fighters and protection of human rights. The mainprinciples guiding the UN peacekeeping missions include “concert ofparties, impartiality and not use of force (except in self defenseand defense of the mandate)”. On the other hand, political missionsare mediation efforts by the United Nations aimed at managingconflicts. The theory behind political missions is based on theunderstanding that all conflicts around the world have an underlyingpolitical issue. While peacekeeping aims at restoring peace andharmony, political mission aims at preventing national andinternational crisis by providing political solutions mainly throughmediation. Political missions involve the role of UN appointedexperts and strategists to spearhead preventive diplomatic engagementbetween political and armed groups in political stalemates.Therefore, while political missions activities takes place in theboard rooms, peacekeeping mission involves UN personnel monitoringthe situation in the battlefields or among the civilians. However, inmany instances, both missions have been employed by the UN (Howard,2010).

Reference

Howard,L. M. (2010). UNPeacekeeping in Civil Wars.Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

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