VOTER REGISTATION SYSTEM 4
Voterregistration is mandatory in many countries for citizens andresidents. The main purpose is to limit access to the voting boothand ensuring that only those registered are entitled to vote inelections. The issues on voter registration in Afghanistan mainlyfocus on whether registration will be achieved and whether it isnecessary. Afghanistan conducted elections in the absence of voters’registration that led to disenchantment and election frauds(Abirafeh, 2009). In the absence of voter’s registration, voterswould still require to prove eligibility on the polling day. This hasled to confusions and conflicts during the voting days.
Fordecades, Afghanistan lacked both identity cards and civilregistration and thus denying the citizens their democratic rights(Abirafeh, 2009). The behavior of voters demonstrated thatindependent voters are less interested in elections as compared topartisan voters, leading to voting on the basis of beliefs, loyaltiesand attitudes. Majority of the elections were interfered politicallyresulting to biased decisions due to pressure and intimidation fromleaders (Abirafeh, 2009).
Theimportance of any election is transparency in the election processthat was not experienced by Afghan citizens. In addition, due to theabsence of affiliations, the elections were based on certain issuesand candidates. According to a recent poll, majority of Afghans lackconfidence in the transparency and fairness of elections. Lack oftransparency in elections makes it even more difficult to know whenelections are rigged. Consequently, lack of security is anotherimplication in Afghanistan. Security has been an issue for a numberof years (Abirafeh, 2009). This situation is worse in that everyoneunderstands that during elections, security is a challenge. Due tothis effect, there has been low voter turnout in every election dueto fear of attacks.
Duringpast summer, The Independent Elections commission in Afghanistanorganized a committee to draft an electoral law. This was debated inthe house of parliament. This will help shape the Afghanistandemocracy in the coming years.
Abirafeh,L. (2009). Genderand international aid in Afghanistan: The politics and effects ofintervention.Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Co.